Method for Surrogate Testing of Vehicle Impact Protective Devices at Low Speeds.” The ASTM F3016 test vehicle weighs 5,000 Ibs and was designed to mimic the crash performance of a full-size pick-up truck or SUV. The tests are conducted at 10, 20, and 30mph. The test penetration is measured from the first impact point on the barrier and any part of the test vehicle that moves past that point determines the dynamic penetration of the test. F3016 uses the same “P-ratings” as the ASTM F2656 tests, with a P1 rating being 1 ft (0.3m) or less of penetration. A measured dynamic penetration greater than 1 ft (0.3m) to 4 ft (1.22m) would result in a P2 rating, while any penetration beyond 4 ft (1.22m) by any part of the test vehicle would result in a failure of the test. This more direct measurement of penetration is used due to the fact that this test and these products were intended to be used in storefront applications which are typically installed right in front of sidewalks and store entrances, with little available standoff distance. These crash-tested products are ideal for applications right at the point where vehicles might impact where we work, play, shop, or have a meal.